History and Types of Origami

The original name of the paper folding art, known today as ORIGAMI, was ORIKATA. It would be more accurate to divide the history of origami into two classes. For example, NOSHI, in which the paper is folded as a flower, can be given. Also, Buddhist monks used various origami figures to decorate their temples. During the 2. Muramachi Period: (1338-1573) origami was spread among the people, samurai and the public went to separate schools and received separate education according to their branches. In the ISE school, where the samurai went, origami lessons were given, but in this period, there are also Ogasawara origami schools where the normal people go, of course, in this, paper became cheaper and wider. It has a great effect on its use in an area. The art of origami was handed down from father to son without a written source. The first written sources belong to the Edo Period (1603-1867) and these are Senbaorizuru Orikata (folding 1000 cranes) written in 1797 and Kan No Mado written in 1845. Muslims were also interested in origami. Since animal and human motifs are considered sin in Islam, they dealt with geometry, shapes and patterns. When Muslims conquered Spain, Europe recognized origami. Origami, which is not very popular among Muslims, was loved by the Spanish and became a part of their culture. Europe’s first origami school, which still exists, was opened by UNAMUO Miguel .

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